Slightly larger than Indiana, South Korea lies below the 38th parallel on the Korean peninsula. It is mountainous in the east; in the west and south are many harbors on the mainland and offshore islands.
South Korea came into being after World War II, the result of a 1945 agreement reached by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference, making the 38th parallel the boundary between a northern zone of the Korean peninsula to be occupied by the USSR and southern zone to be controlled by U.S. forces.
In 1948, the division of the Korean Peninsula into a communist North Korea and a capitalist South Korea was formalized. The 38th parallel of latitude served as the dividing line. Korea became a pawn in the developing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Korean the national flag is called \’Taegukki\’ (\’Great Polarity\’), taking its name from the central emblem on the flag, which is called a \’taegeuk circle\’. The current South Korean flag was adopted on January 25, 1950. The Republic of Korea was formed in August 1948.
Such characteristics as old and new, light and dark, male and female, and good and evil are reflected in the two intertwined comma-shapes. This symbol is derived from the yin-yang of ancient philosophy; in Korean, it is known as um-yang.Surrounding the t’aeg?kare four sets of black bars, each composed of three strokes in varying combinations of broken and unbroken bars. These recall sun, moon, earth, and heaven; the four cardinal directions; the four seasons; and other concepts derived from Confucian principles.
Conventionally, the four trigrams are associated with water, fire, wood, earth, and metal – the five fundamental elements. This concept has parallels with the four conventional elements of the West. The Flag Company Inc specialized in flag designs offered a special edition of decals and flags to memorize the history of South Korean Flag for the future.