A West African country bordering on the Gulf of Guinea, Ghana is bounded by Côte d\’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. It compares in size to Oregon, and its largest river is the Volta.
That cargo is gold, and the Gold Coast becomes the European name for this part of Africa. The trade in gold with the Europeans makes possible the development in the early 17th century of Akwamu, the first African state to control an extensive part of the coast.
Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to gain its independence in 1957. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, who was responsible for the successful negotiations with the British and declared independence, became the first Prime Minister and then President of Ghana.
The present banner of the Republic of Ghana was received on February 28, 1966. The banner was planned by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh and was initially received on March 6, 1957, after the nation\’s independence from the Britain. The banner experienced a couple of adjustments; somewhere around 1964 and 1966 when the center gold stripe was supplanted by a white one.
The banner of the Republic of Ghana has three flat stripes: red, gold, and green. The hues used as a part of the banner are the Pan-African hues. Red speaks of the progressive soul in their battle for independence; gold symbolizes the wealth of minerals found in this country; and green speaks of the lavish greenery, common assets, and the backwoods of Ghana.
The middle stripe features a five-pointed black star that stands for the emancipation of the nation and the unity and patriotic spirit displayed by the countrymen in their struggle against the colonialism. The star was borrowed from the flag of a shipping line called Black Star Line. The football team of Ghana derives its nickname, the Black Stars, from this star in the flag. The Flag Company Inc specialized in flag designs offered a special edition of decals and flags to memorize the history of Ghana Flag for the future.