The reasons children and adults need speech therapy are vast. They range from diseases to injuries to laryngectomy patients who have had the larynx removed usually due to cancer. The larynx, also called the voice box, is what allows the human to produce sound. There are many skills needed to practice speech therapy Tucson AZ location and others.
A child may have delayed or dysfunctional communication such as stuttering or lisping. An adult may have had a stroke. Possibly, the transgender individual might consult a speech pathologist to adapt a more appropriate voice.
A speech-language therapist has a long educational process to finish before he can be licensed. First is the bachelors degree. It must include specific required courses such as speech and hearing science. Minimum grade requirements apply. Then comes the masters degree, which requires at least a B average.
They have to attend an accredited university for these degrees. There are four hundred practicum hours to be completed. All exams are stringent. After passing another exam, a national exam, there is a one year clinical fellowship that is on a full-time basis.
Next the individual earns the American Speech-Language-Hearing Associations Certificate of Clinical Competence. There is an exam for state licensure after that. Throughout the licensed therapists career, he must comply with Continuing Educational Units requirements to keep up with current trends.
A pathologist in this field has a number of choices to make as to which career path to follow. He may work with children. This can be in a preschool, elementary school or hospital setting. Poor articulation that makes a childs talking difficult to understand is corrected. This will enable him to learn in school.
There is a need for senior citizens to regain talking abilities after a stroke. Nursing homes and rehabilitation hospitals have a need for this service. If someone has had a laryngectomy, a removal of the voice box usually due to cancer, he will need training in how to use a voice replacement device.
Then there is the field of providing services to the deaf and hard of hearing. They do testing and fit people with a hearing aid. The profoundly deaf learn sign language and lip reading to communicate. The deaf include those in all age groups. Senior citizens may lose their hearing late in life.
This professional often works with doctors, audiologists and occupational therapists as part of a team. The team may include dentists, nurse practitioners and parents.
The workplace varies. It may include clinical settings, schools, hospitals, nursing homes and home health care for those who are homebound. There are unique employment opportunities in community service, which may include youthful offenders facilities.
Surprisingly, services can be provided over the internet. There are researchers needed to discover advanced care possibilities. How much the salary is depends on the chosen field each works in.
When a child has a speech delay or disorder, it is imperative to start therapy as soon as possible. However, not all doctors are aware of this. For that reason he may not recommend speech therapy to the parents. Once the child is in public school, there are regulations he must meet to receive help.
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