Civil Engineering as a specialty within the profession of engineering has many engineers who have high levels of specialization in it. This field deals with constructing, maintaining, and designing the physical and natural environment. Some common products of the field are bridges, canals, dams, roads, railways, and buildings. It has a very long history that is only surpassed by that of military engineering. To study professional Civil Engineering Fort McMurray Alberta offers a good option to consider.
This field applies scientific and physical principles to solve problems that people encounter in the society. Its development is linked to the advances that were being made in mathematics and physics in history. The broadness of this discipline makes its history to be linked to the knowledge of mechanics, environment, hydrology, soils, geography, geology, mathematics, and science among many other fields.
As said above, civil engineering is a very wide field. Thus, it is divided into many subspecialties. The main ones include architectural, environmental, transportation, forensic, wastewater, control, geotechnical, offshore, structural, and earthquake engineering. Others are municipal or urban, quantity survey, coastal, materials, facade resources, construction, and construction surveying engineering. All levels of the government have use for this field. Even the private sector employs it heavily.
The management of coastal areas falls under the coastal subspecialty. The terms coastal protection and sea defense are used in certain jurisdiction to mean defense and protection against flooding and erosion respectively. This field has seen a lot of expansion from traditional coastal defense operations to cover coastal management. Now, it deals with techniques employed in the reclamation of land along coastal areas.
The construction subspecialty deals with development of sites based on hydraulic, structural, environmental, and geotechnical engineering. It also handles how materials are transported and plans the execution of projects. There are a lot of great risks involved in the construction specialty when compared to other divisions. Thus, the role of engineers in this field is more business-related. They evaluate logistical operations, monitor prices of supplies, and draft and review contracts.
Earthquake subspecialty is involved with the designing of structures so that they can be able to withstand exposures to hazardous earthquakes. This subspecialty often comes under a larger subspecialty called structural engineering. The goal of the earthquake subspecialty is to understand how structures on a shaky ground interact, foresee impact of earthquakes, ensure that structures designed and constructed in areas prone to earth movements comply with building codes.
Sanitary or environmental subdivision is concerned with the treatment of wastes of various forms such as chemical, thermal, and biological. It is also concerned with remediation of contaminated sites and purification of water and air. Sites get contaminated due to wasted disposal or accidental contamination. Many topics are covered under this subdivision including waste water treatment, water purification, hazardous waste management, and solid waste treatment. Others include air pollution and pollutant transport.
There is a lot of sharing of technical knowhow and knowledge among the various subspecialties. For example, technical expertise in one subspecialty still finds a lot of use in other sub-fields too. For that reason, engineers can switch professions or function in multiple subspecialties with only minor requirements for retraining.
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