A notary public is also called by the names public notary or simply as notary. A notary of the common law refers to a public officer who is constituted by the law to provide service to the public in matters considered to be non-contentious. Such matters are usually concerned with deeds, foreign and international business, powers-of-attorney, and estates. In order to understand more about a notary public Huntington Beach is the best location to check out.
The office of the notary has a very lengthy history that originates in ancient Rome. Notarial officers were called personae publicae, tabelliones forenses, or scribae back in ancient Roman Empire. Those who rose to the rank were mere transcribers, recorders of judicial proceedings and facts, or copiers. Their experience equipped them with knowledge to become skilled in public and private affairs.
In many nations, government authorities like regulating bodies, courts, and lieutenant governors are responsible for appointing notaries. The commissioning of lawyer notaries often lasts for a lifetime. Conversely, lay notaries may be renewed, but often they last for a short term. Strict regulation applies to number of notarial districts and appointments in most nations.
The number of notaries is highest in the United States because a majority of them are lay persons, providing officially required services to the public. For that reason, commission numbers in the United States is not under any regulation. There is a total of over 4.5 million notaries in the United States alone. This is a very high number in comparison to 1250 in New Zealand and Australia and 740 in the UK.
In the United States, notarial functions apply only to domestic documents and affairs in huge part. For documents to be authentic, they need acknowledgement of deed and a full systematized attestations of signature. This is not the same as what happens in other nations where notarial practice is confined to international legal issues. In other countries, notarial practice also applies to matters in which a foreign jurisdiction is involved. In other countries, almost all notaries are licensed lawyers too.
Certain training requirements apply to notaries to prepare them for their duties. One needs to attend an apprenticeship program before licensure and commissioning. Apart from the United States, even qualified attorneys need to attend mentorship programs and training. This may take several years.
Training requirements are very different in the United States because these individuals are not required to undergo any training. All they do is to attend a training seminar that lasts briefly and they qualify for the job. However, they are expressly prohibited from engaging in any activity that may be deemed as unlicensed practice of law. This applies to all lay notaries, except those who are also qualified attorneys.
The functions of notaries are very many. Generally, notaries witness and authenticate the execution of documents, take statutory declarations and affidavits, and administer oaths and affirmations. They also protest bills and notes of exchange and acknowledge conveyances, including deeds. The functions undertaken by notaries are known as notarization.
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