Energy prices continue to rise, leading to huge monthly electricity bills in many developed and developing countries. As this continues to happen, people are turning to solar energy as an alternative for conventional energy sources. Homeowners are opting for solar energy because it is greener and cheaper. As such, when in need of solar panel for home Maryland presents the best option to consider. There are many companies in Maryland that specialize in the provision of these products and services to clients of different types.
The concept upon which the working of solar panels bases upon is called photovoltaic effect. In this concept, light is converted to electrical energy when it hits certain materials. The electrical energy created is direct current, but it must be converted into alternating current for use in homes. An inverter unit is used to do the conversion.
The electrical energy that is generated can be used for powering appliances and lights in homes. In case where the energy generated is excess, the surplus can be disposed in two main ways. First, it could be fed to the electricity grid. Homeowners who feed their surplus electrical energy to the electricity grid are often paid monthly.
Excess energy can also be fed into a system of storage batteries. The excess electrical energy is stored in the form of DC power and can be readily converted to AC power for consumption in residences. Storing the excess energy in batteries comes in handy during nighttime or when there is not enough sunlight to power the panels.
In most cases, the installation of the panels is done on rooftops, but open field can also do. They should face north where they can be hit by direct sunlight. To harvest maximum sunlight energy, the angle of the module should be altered optimally. The site of installation should be free of tall buildings and trees, which may block direct sunlight. The efficiency of these panels is usually highly dependent on the climate and location of installation.
The smallest functional unit of a solar panel called a solar cell. The cells are usually made of silicon. A panel is comprised of several cells which are connected together. Protective glass and backing plate are used to sandwich the cells. The panel usually has an aluminum frame around it to hold it together an give it strength. Most panels have a total of 60 cells, even though some models may exceed this number.
There are several types of these panels. The major ones are, monocrystalline panels, interdigitated back contact solar cell, abbreviated as IBC, and thin film solar cells. Monocrystalline panels are made black and have the reputation of being more efficient compred to multi-crystalline models. Multi-crystalline models are usually blue in color and may have better temperature tolerance.
Research findings show that most panels fall within the weight category of 18 to 19 kilograms. Typically, the installation of the panels is done in an array, with a panel connecting to another one. The electrical power derived from the array is channeled into a power input point of the residence.
Find a detailed list of the benefits of installing a solar panel for home Maryland use and more info about a well-respected installer at http://solardelmarva.com today.